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Urbanisation and GDP Per Capita

Urbanisation and GDP Per Capita

Urbanisation is a proportion that population living in the urban area, which reflects a geographic region’s modernisation and human concentration level. It is a key reference coordinate for measuring economy, infrastructure situation and living standard level.

Urbanisation and GDP Per Capita Overview

Urbanisation is a proportion that population living in the urban area, which reflects a geographic region’s modernisation and human concentration level. It is a key reference coordinate for measuring economy, infrastructure situation and living standard level.

Insight analysis and Assumptions

In general, rise of urbanisation is equivalent sign of economic improvement and the overall increases in national income. Yet this conclusion is not constant. According to the “Urbanisation and GDP per capita, country comparison” graphic, there are two types of cases

  1. A type of country, when their urbanisation rate reaches a certain high level, will enter the platform period, as temporary penetration, or sometimes reverse to counter-urbanisation (deurbanization). Yet their national income will remain steady growting This type of countries, represented by the Unites States, are economic advanced countries.
  2. Another type of country they have continuous growing urbanisation rates, but the national income is stagnated. This type of countries like Brazil, has fallen into the “middle income trap”.

In China, the current relative position of urbanisation rates and GDP per capita is in between the two types of countries described above. To what extent China can avoid the “middle income trap” to become one of the advanced countries, please visit related subjects: City potentials and New infrastructure plan.

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Demographic data

The Dataist data service provides demographic data for China 31 provinces and 300 prefecture level cities. Data include population level and growth rates by gender, age-groups and urban/rural split. Data range covers period from year 2000 up to 2050.

Source and methodology

The Dataist demographic data for China are based on the China demographic surveys by the National Bureau of Statistics, the 5th survey in 2000, 6th survey in 2010 and 7th survey in 2020, and generated by the Dataist demographic forecast model. The model tracks the demographic natural growth (deaths and births), as well as migration trends, in order to forecast the population changes in the near future and longer-term period.

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